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Legal Funding for a Wrongful Death Lawsuit

A wrongful death lawsuit can financially devastate an individual, spouse or family, without the proper lawsuit funding to proceed with a case. It is often the situation that a family conclusively settles for far less than the wrongful death is worth financially and emotionally, for the remaining family members. There are several factors that determine a wrongful death, but consulting an attorney regarding laws, regulations and funding information is always in the best interest of the victim’s family or spouse.

What types of wrongful deaths may require pre-settlement funding? A victim’s family may have suffered a family member’s death with respects to: a defective product, medical misdiagnosis, a drunk driver or even an explosion. There are several additional causes of wrongful death, that can be discussed with a lawyer. Each case is different, and is be treated as such, respectively.

The bottom line is that the family or spouse left behind from such a tragedy, not only may suffer financially, but also emotionally. Considering the loss of a companion is a price-indefinite due. Also, if that individual was the head of household, their death may result in foreclosure of a home, loss of vehicle(s), incredible loss of monthly income or lack of proper childcare services.

The immediate funding necessary to complete a formal funeral in itself can also be quite pricey. Remaining medical bills can also lead to a pile of stress, due to collectors consistently calling and mailing information about amounts due. This is not fault of the loved one’s family, but an unfortunate situation they are, in turn, left with.

Legal Funding is an easy way in which to alleviate stress both financially and emotionally after the wrongful loss of a loved one. By calling a legal funding expert, an individual can apply for pre-settlement cash loan that is determined by calculating an estimation of the settlement amount. A portion of that amount is then given to the family seeking retribution for their loved one(s). Getting approved for legal funding can take as little as twenty-four hours, and having the cash in hand can be just as quick.

What are the risks of applying for a lawsuit cash advance? None. Legal funding experts will analyze your specific case, and listen to any information you wish to declare. They will determine how much your settlement will deliver, and give you a portion of that cash as soon as possible. Stresses can be greatly minimized by having the proper funding to distribute to your attorney or legal representative, along with paying all current funds due.

When your case is won, the money can easily be returned to the funding company, along with a fee for the lawsuit loan company. Legal funding is often recommended with respects to wrongful death suits so that family or spouses can pursue what is rightfully due to them. In only having to repay lawsuit funding if you win the wrongful death case, what do you have to lose?

Steven Medvin is the Executive Director of SMP Advance Funding, LLC, which provides lawsuit funding to individuals who need a lawsuit loan for pending lawsuits. For more information please visit: http://www.smpadvance.com

Lawsuit Loans Explained

Lawsuit loans, also referred to in term as lawsuit funding, is the process of a firm providing a given plaintiff an advance amount of an anticipated settlement for a lawsuit. Additional references that lawsuit loans often go by, are pre-settlement loans, pre-settlement funding, legal funding, or lawsuit cash advances. It is common practice for individuals or even companies to require lawsuit funding or lawsuit loans to take on both large or small cases.

Legal funding is not like any other loan that is common in the bank or funding world. It does not require collateral, so your home, car, boat, etc. do not need to be put forward to receive such funding. Also, in most cases, the lawsuit loan is only paid back if the trial or settlement ends in success. Then the pre-settlement funds are re-paid, often atop a fee for loan.

A lawsuit can take anywhere from months to years for a settlement to occur. If a victim is injured from the claim, they may already have large sums of costs in medical damages, and unpaid time away from work. Most times, lawsuits can also require a great deal of upfront funding to pay for attorney costs, documentation, and additional childcare services.

A lawsuit loan can give a plaintiff a lift from the financial burdens an injury, a claim and all of its existing upfront repercussions. In having the money necessary to file the necessary claim, it often gives a victim the chance to get financial and emotional grievances due. In cases where plaintiffs may not opt to accept a lawsuit loan, they may have to settle for a far lesser value than was owed to them, leaving them in debt, and in settlement for a low and unfair amount.

There are a few common steps to apply for lawsuit funding, or pre-settlement funding. There is often an application that needs to be completed before anything. This application will ask for not only your contact information, but also a full description of the case. This can sometimes be handled over the phone, if you choose to speak to a legal funding company. It is truly dependent on the company itself.

The company often also asks for a release document, and possibly another signed document or two. The entire process can take between twenty-four and forty-eight hours, dependent on the company. After all documentation and application forms, etc. have been received, the funding company will take time to review them. Within a short amount of time the lawsuit funding company will bring forth an offer for the victim, as to how much they will fund, as well as how much the fee will cost when the suit is settled.

Each victim has particular needs regarding funds and their suit. A legal funding company can determine what amounts are necessary for each case. Lawsuit funding as a process is actually quite simple, and can back your suit so you are able to fight for the settlements you deserve.

Steven Medvin is the Executive Director of SMP Advance Funding, LLC, which provides lawsuit funding to individuals who need a lawsuit loan for pending lawsuits. For more information please visit: http://www.smpadvance.com

Search and Seizure

Search and seizure is a legal procedure used mainly in common and civil laws. It is formally defined as the procedure used by the authorities (mainly police officers) and/or their agents, to search a person and/or his/her property. This takes place if suspicion of, or if an actual crime has been committed. The findings of the search are then seized, and used in the court of law as evidence for or against the crime committed.

There are certain rights and regulations that must be obeyed and followed with respects to these procedures, as per laws in order. The fourth amendment of the Constitution of the United States, explains, “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures…”. This basically states that every citizen of the United States has a personal right to privacy of their own person and their owned belongings.

Some of the search and seizure regulations with respects to laws and court procedures are as follows:

The Search Must be Valid: To perform a valid search, with respects to the court of law, there are several musts that should occur. One or more of these actions can result in a valid search, validated by the regulated court system.

Voluntary Consent by the Person or Owner of Searchable Properties: The owner of the property, or the individual them self must consent to being searched. If this is witnessed by two or more officials or authorities, the search can be me made. In cases wherein this may occur, these officials are not required to inform the possible suspect that they can refuse this search (requesting a search warrant). It is always in an individual’s best interest to understand these rights.

A Search Warrant Must be Obtained: The authorities looking to search a person or property, must obtain a valid search warrant from the court system. This search warrant must be presented to the owner of such properties, as information that the search is lawfully acceptable.

With respects to automobiles, the pre-search requirement expectations tend to be lowered. With reasonable suspicion the authorities and/or their agents are able to search a vehicle if they suspect crime or criminal activity is in effect. This method of search is allowable due to ‘exigent circumstances’. With this method, the authorities are under the belief that evidence may be destroyed if not found quickly, or that the suspicious property may immediately be of harm to citizens.

If the search is not valid in a case regarding either a person, property or automobile, the information gathered cannot be used against the suspect in a court of law. This makes authorities act extremely carefully in collecting the necessary data to complete a search.

As always, it is of best interest of any suspected individual to speak with an attorney regarding their legal rights, with respects to search and seizure. Defense in a court of law, can be a financial catastrophe, often requiring lawsuit funding. Being prepared and informed is often of great assistance.

Steven Medvin is the Executive Director of SMP Advance Funding, LLC, which provides lawsuit funding to individuals who need a lawsuit loan for pending lawsuits. For more information please visit: http://www.smpadvance.com

White-Collar Crime

White-collar crime is defined as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation. This term was coined in 1939. Today, there are many complicated crimes that are often labeled white-collar – such crimes include fraud, bribery, insider trading, embezzlement, computer crime, copyright infringement, money laundering, identity theft and forgery.

The concept of a white-collar crime was first used by Professor Edwin Hardin Sutherland who differentiated crimes committed by those who worked in the business world as to those who committed street crimes. He presented his theory to the American Sociological Society as a study. The study would take into account crime and high society – something that had not been looked at in and of itself. In his presentation, he defined the crime by someone’s social status. His aim was to prove that white-collar crime and criminals were less likely to be put in jail compared to those of more visible and typical crimes.

Sutherland took the concept further and broke down crimes into two categories with crimes such as arson, burglary, theft, assault, rape and vandalism listed under blue-collar crimes which were further explained or blamed on psychological, associational and structural factors. With this, white-collar crimes were committed by criminals who were opportunists, people who learned they could take advantage of their position in life and their circumstances to accumulate financial gain. Such people were often educated, intelligent, and had affluence. These people were also smart enough to con their victims.

Today, crime is classified by the type of crime and the topic. One such type would be property crime, economic crime or corporate crime. Many crimes can only be committed due to the identity of the offender. Because of the trust given to certain individuals with particular positions or titles, the Federal Bureau of Investigation has defined white-collar crime to “illegal acts characterized by deceit, concealment or violation of trust and which are not dependent upon the application or threat of physical force or violence.”

Motives for white-collar crime have been defined as due to greed, fear of loss of face. Studies by Applebaum and Chambliss (1997, 117) state that those who commit crimes within their occupation due so to promote their own personal interests. This is done through altering records, overcharging or cheating clients. They state further that organizational or corporate crimes occur when corporate executives commit criminal acts to benefit their company by overcharging or price fixing, false advertising, etc.

Those who commit blue-collar crimes tend to be penalized more often due to the fact that the crime is more visible to police, while white-collar crimes are less obvious and sometimes more difficult to prove. Blue-collar crime often uses more physical force whereas with white-collar crimes the victim is less obvious and reporting can be complicated due to confidentiality issues. There is also the issue of how society sees the crime. Many may believe a crime committed with force or violence should be more punishable than a financial crime – yet when one looks at the effect on the victim, it is possible that white-collar crimes are more devastating as they can rob people of their entire life savings, something that cannot be recovered as opposed to the effects of being mugged.

Those who commit white-collar crimes serve less time or are not penalized due to the fact that they can often afford a better. Last, if a white-collar criminal is put in prison, it is usually in a minimum-security prison, a place that offers greater freedom and a safer environment than that of maximum-security prisons.

White-collar crime has possibly always been prevalent, but today, the details of its effects have become more widely understood and known making it more and more difficult for such criminals to escape punishment.

Steven Medvin is the Executive Director of SMP Advance Funding, LLC, which provides lawsuit funding to individuals who need a lawsuit loan for pending lawsuits. For more information please visit: http://www.smpadvance.com

Foreclosure and Law

A foreclosure can formally be defined as the act of a lien holder, bank or other such entity terminating the ability for a mortgagor to redeem their property or equity within. This process is usually due to default, and forces the sale of property; often by auction. The proceeds of such sale are used to fulfill the debts owed in the case of default, as well as additional costs due to the lien holder.

In an economy that is being financially tossed upside down, foreclosures are unfortunately becoming more of a regularity in today’s world. This court-ordered event can take place for many reasons. The most common reasons for foreclosure are: overdue taxes, unpaid contractor bills, unpaid or late homeowners association dues or other collective debts.

There are several types of foreclosures. The two types most widely used, are:

Foreclosure by Power of Sale: This ‘power of sale’ clause if often written right into the mortgage or deed of a home. It is also known as non-judicial foreclosure. The lender files a lawsuit against the borrower post-default. This process then includes the sale of a property by the mortgage holder. It is a much quicker and cheaper option than most, but may still require a great deal of paperwork and hassle for the borrower.

Foreclosure by Judicial Sale: This type of foreclosure is available in all states, although requirements may vary from state to state. The sale of the property is monitored by a court, with the proceeds of the sale going to fulfill the debt on the mortgage. The remainder of the proceeds go to debts owed to the lender. These hearings will often occur in state or local courts. Vary rarely, such a case will take place within a federal court.

There are several other types of foreclosures, although, they are rarely used due to their limited availability. The length of time for a foreclosure to take place can vary from state to state. Terms of short sale, special arrangements with the lender or refinancing can assist homeowners in avoiding foreclosures temporarily. Some homeowners may even claim bankruptcy to attempt to avoid the foreclosure of a home indefinitely.

A foreclosure can also be contested, if the debtor believes the debts are not valid. The bank or lien holder may be sued, in this instance, to stop the foreclosure from progressing. The bank or lien holder can also be sued to collect additional damages due by the borrower. As foreclosures can remain on an individual’s credit report for up to seven years, it is always worth asking a professional for assistance or opinion.

On the flip side of a foreclosure occurring for a homeowner, an individual or family who may not have been able to afford a home initially, may find foreclosure homes to be more affordable. Although the strict loan applications via banks will remain, other lenders are often negotiating loans for ‘as is’ foreclosures each day. Consulting a professional regarding the loss or gain of a foreclosure home is recommended. As it may be a lengthy process from any angle, seeking the correct assistance is always in your favor.

Steven Medvin is the Executive Director of SMP Advance Funding, LLC, which provides lawsuit funding to individuals who need a lawsuit loan for pending lawsuits. For more information please visit: http://www.smpadvance.com

Defining Workplace Harassment

Workplace harassment is defined as any type of unwelcome action toward an employee that leads to difficulty in performing assigned tasks or that causes the employee to feel he or she is working in a hostile environment. The term is further defined by the fact that the harassment may be based on such factors as race, gender, culture, age, sexual orientation, or religious preference.

Factors that must occur for workplace harassment to be recognized as illegal include: conduct that is unwelcome and offensive to the employee, the employee must voice his or her objection to the behavior allowing the offending person to correct their behavior, and the conduct must be of a nature that makes an impact on the employee’s ability to carry out his or her duties in an efficient and responsible manner.

Harassment in the workplace can take form in many ways. The most commonly noted are prejudiced remarks, tasteless jokes regarding one’s individual beliefs, age or sexual orientation, slurs, name-calling and irresponsible remarks made to intimidate regarding one’s age, religion or orientation.

According to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which enforces Federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination state discrimination occurs when it involves:

* Unfair treatment because of your race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information.

* Harassment by managers, co-workers, or others in your workplace, because of your race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information.

* Denial of a reasonable workplace accommodation that you need because of your religious beliefs or disability.
* Retaliation because you complained about job discrimination, or assisted with a job discrimination investigation or lawsuit.

The EEOC also states that if you believe that you have been discriminated against at work, you can file a “Charge of Discrimination.” All of the laws enforced by EEOC, except for the Equal Pay Act, require you to file a Charge of Discrimination with their department before you can file a job discrimination lawsuit against your employer. In addition, an individual, organization, or agency may file a charge on behalf of another person in order to protect the aggrieved person’s identity.

Whether you are covered under EEOC laws may depend upon who your employer is. Laws vary according to the type of employer, the number of employees it has, and the type of discrimination alleged. The number of employees an employer must have will depend on the type of employer, whether they are a private company, a state or local government agency, a federal agency, an employment agency or a labor union. Coverage will also be dependent upon the type of discrimination alleged. For example, under the Immigration Reform and Control Act, discrimination is prohibited based on national origin by smaller employers with 4 to 14 employees as well as larger organizations.

Who isn’t covered? People who are working as independent contractors, meaning they are not employed by the employer.

There are strict time limits in filing with the EEOC as well. In harassment cases, you must file your charge within 180 or 300 days of the last incident of harassment. You can look at the EEOC website for more information regarding rules, regulations and filing harassment charges.

Steven Medvin is the Executive Director of SMP Advance Funding, LLC, which provides lawsuit funding to individuals who need a lawsuit loan for pending lawsuits. For more information please visit: http://www.smpadvance.com

Defining Bankruptcy

Bankruptcy laws have changed over the last decade. But despite the changes, bankruptcy is defined as a tool designed by the government to help individuals and businesses overwhelmed by debt. It is a process which allows debtors and businesses to regain control of their finances by eliminating or reorganizing their debt.

Filing for bankruptcy doesn’t always mean all of ones debts will be absolved under the bankruptcy code. Items such as back taxes, student loans and child support cannot be waived.

Bankruptcy is often considered by those who are unable to pay their minimum monthly payments on their debts. People considering bankruptcy are usually people who are receiving numerous letters and phone calls from bill collectors, have lost their income, have been diagnosed with a serious illness and have mounting hospital bills, or are experiencing a family emergency.

Each state has its own bankruptcy filing procedures and unique laws. Typically, bankruptcy for consumers is divided into two categories, Chapter 7 and Chapter 13.

Chapter 7 bankruptcies may be the most common form of bankruptcy as the filer’s slate is usually wiped completely clean and they are able to start all over again. This type of bankruptcy is called liquidation. A trustee is appointed to the filer and this person collects the non-exempt property of the debtor, sells it and distributes the proceeds to the creditors.

With Chapter 13, or even Chapter 11 or 12, the filer has the opportunity to use future earnings to pay off creditors and reorganize their debt.

One either files for bankruptcy voluntarily or a bankruptcy can be initiated by a creditor. Once one has filed for bankruptcy, all creditors must stop harassing the debtor and cannot seek to collect payments outside of the proceeding. The debtor meanwhile is not allowed to hide assets, transfer property or secure interests. There are certain assets that cannot be touched by bankruptcy, depending on the situation and state. Such assets often include one’s Individual Retirement Account. One’s home is also another item one can possibly keep after filing for bankruptcy, if that home’s mortgage has been paid on time and is not late. The lender of the loan also must agree to the bankruptcy. Other items states allow individuals to keep include one vehicle, clothing, and personal items that have low monetary value.

Since the April 2005 change in bankruptcy law, those filing for bankruptcy have been given additional responsibilities. These include credit counseling and financial education requirements for individuals before they are discharged of their debt.

Other changes include your income. If a person makes a certain amount of income, they may not be able to file for Chapter 7 but may have to opt for Chapter 13. With Chapter 13 your debts are reorganized and you are to make monthly payments to your creditors for 3 to 5 years. How much one has to pay back and what those monthly payments are will depend on the bankruptcy court, how much you owe, how much you can afford to pay, and how much your creditors would have received had you filed Chapter 7.

As each state differs regarding bankruptcy law as does each individual’s unique situation, it is advisable to consult an attorney for more information.

Steven Medvin is the Executive Director of SMP Advance Funding, LLC, which provides lawsuit funding to individuals who need a lawsuit loan for pending lawsuits. For more information please visit: http://www.smpadvance.com

The Difference Between Defamation, Libel and Slander

Defamation, libel and slander are all terms that are similar and often confused.

Defamation is defined as the issuance of a false statement about another person which causes that person to suffer harm. Slander meanwhile involves the making of defamatory statements by a transitory (non-fixed) representation, usually an oral representation. Last, Libel involves the making of defamatory statements in a printed or fixed medium such as a magazine or newspaper.

Defamation can also be extended to a business, product, group, government or nation.

While one has freedom of speech, most jurisdictions allow individuals, businesses, and such to take legal actions, civil and/or criminal, to deter various kinds of defamation and retaliate against groundless criticism. Defining defamation from public opinion, the law often sees public disclosure of private facts, which arises where one person reveals information that is not of public concern to be a part of defamation. Unlike with libel, truth is not a defense for invasion of privacy.

Slander is a form of defamation. The primary difference between slander and libel lies solely in the form in which the defamatory matter is published. If the offending material is only spoken or gestured, then it is slander. When it is printed with words or pictures, it then becomes libel. Slander is more like a serious rumor involving false statements while libel is committed to paper.

The difficulty with slander and libel issues is proving it to have taken place. When proving that libel has taken place, the offended person must prove the statements made against them were false. Second, they must prove that the statement caused harm. And last, they must prove that the statement was made without adequate research into the truthfulness of the statement. Such steps are typical for an ordinary citizen, while in the case of a public official or celebrity, an additional step is added in that they must also prove that the statement was made with the intent to do harm.

The most common type of libel that takes place is reporter vs. public official or individual. In such cases, there are several common defenses a reporter takes against a libel lawsuit. The first is showing truth. The reporter must show that any statement they make against another’s reputation shows truth. Reporters will use official proceedings, reports, council minutes and other official proceedings to demonstrate their point. Last reporters will often claim Fair Comment and Criticism. This defense covers the expressions of opinion in everything from movie reviews to columns. Under this defense, a reporter can express opinions that can be very scathing or critical and border on defamation or libelous.

To defend oneself in a libel lawsuit an individual must prove the information completely libelous. For public officials, this is more difficult. Public officials must not only prove the article was libelous and published but that it was done with malice. Malice in this situation means published with the knowledge that it was false and with reckless disregard whether or not it was false.

In the end, truth is the only absolute defense to a defamation claim. But keep in mind that the truth may be difficult and expensive to prove.

Steven Medvin is the Executive Director of SMP Advance Funding, LLC, which provides lawsuit funding to individuals who need a lawsuit loan for pending lawsuits. For more information please visit: http://www.smpadvance.com

At Will Employment

The term “At-Will” which is also called “Employment At Will” is defined as a contract of employment that can be terminated either by the employer or the employee at any time and for any reason. This means either party can break the employment relationship with no liability, provided there was no express contract defining the employment relationship and that the employer does not belong to a collective bargaining group – such as a union.
Each individual state varies in whether they fully accept Employment At Will or accept it with modification.

The concept or rule of “at will” began in 1877 under Horace Gray Wood’s treatise on master-servant relations. Then, the burden of proof was on the servant to prove that an indefinite employment term for one year. From this came the US at-will employment rule, which allowed termination for no reason. The rule was adopted by all of the states within the US. It wasn’t until 1959 that the first judicial exception to the At-Will rule was created by the California Court of Appeals.

Another landmark case that challenged the At-Will employment rule came in 1980 involving ARCO through the Supreme Court of California. The decision and actions by employees is now known in California as Tameny actions for wrongful termination in violation of public policy.

Other states were also challenged for their ‘At-Will’ status and numerous statutory exceptions were created.

All states within the U.S. have modified the “At-Will” rule to some degree with the exception of Montana. Montana adopted its own employment law in 1987 called the Wrongful Discharge From Employment Act or (WDEA). The act preserves the at-will concept but also expresses legal basis for a wrongful discharge actions. For example, a discharge is wrongful if it was in retaliation by the employer against the employee who refuses to violate public police or who might report a violation of public policy.

Other states adopted a public policy exception in addition to the At-Will policy. Under policy exceptions, an employer may not fire an employee if it would violate the state’s public policy doctrine or a state or federal statute. According to Charles J. Muhl in The employment-at-will doctrine: three major exceptions – in 2000, 43 states and the District of Columbia formally recognize public policy as an exception to the at-will rule. The seven states that do not abide by this exception are: Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Maine, Nebraska, New York, Rhode Island and Florida.

In addition, 37 of the states within the US also recognize an implied contract as an exception to At-Will employment. Under the implied contract exception, an employer may not fire an employee “when an implied contract is formed between an employer and employee, even though no express, written instrument regarding the employment relationship exists. With such loose terminology, the fired employee may have difficulty proving the terms of the ‘unsaid’ and implied contract – yet the burden of proof is on that employee.

If the employer fires the employee in violation of an implied employment contract, the employer may be found liable for breach of contract. The 13 states that do not honor the implied-contract exception are: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas and Virginia.

Last is the exception for a covenant of good faith and fair dealing which instead of narrowly prohibiting terminations based on public policy or an implied contract, broadly read that a covenant of good faith and fair dealing should be within every employment relationship. This has been interpreted, by some courts, to mean either that employer personnel decisions are subject to a “just-cause” standard or that terminations made in bad faith or motivated by malice are prohibited. Eleven states recognize this breach of an implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing.

Only eleven U.S. states have recognized a breach of an implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing as an exception to at-will employment. These 11 states are: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Delaware, Idaho, Massachusetts, Montana, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming.

Steven Medvin is the Executive Director of SMP Advance Funding, LLC, which provides lawsuit funding to individuals who need a lawsuit loan for pending lawsuits. For more information please visit: http://www.smpadvance.com

Women’s Rights and Fair Pay

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 is defined as a United States federal law amending the Fair Labor Standards Act, aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex. The Act was signed into law on June 10, 1963 by John F. Kennedy as part of his New Frontier Program. The Declaration of Purpose set for in the law reads:

(a) The Congress hereby finds that the existence in industries engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce of wage differentials based on sex-

(1) depresses wages and living standards for employees necessary for their health and efficiency;
(2) prevents the maximum utilization of the available labor resources;
(3) tends to cause labor disputes, thereby burdening, affecting, and obstructing commerce;

(4) burdens commerce and the free flow of goods in commerce; and

(5) constitutes an unfair method of competition.

Since this law went into effect, women’s salaries rose from 62% of men’s earnings to 80% by 2004. Later, in 2005 the Paycheck Fairness Act was introduced by Senator Hillary Clinton and Rep. Rosa DeLauro. The act would ammend EPA’s prior act and expand damages. It would also call for a study of data collected by the EEOC and propose voluntary guidelines to show employers how to evaluate jobs with the goal of eliminating unfair disparities.

In regards to the history of women and work, dating back to colonial America, studies show women who had to work for a living earned their money typically from being a seamstresses or they kept boardinghouses. There was also a small handful of women doctors, lawyers, preachers, teachers, writers, and singers. The number of women practicing medicine could possibly be attributed to the fact that prior to the 1800s there were almost no medical schools, and virtually any enterprising person could practice medicine.

This changed by the beginning of the 19th century as an educational was required for those practicing medicine. This change tended to prevent many young women, who married early and bore children, from entering professional careers. If a woman was to enter the field of medicine, it was typically as a nurse. Nursing was one of the most acceptable alternatives. Hospitals at this time were ran and operated by men and the American Medical Association went so far as to bar women from their membership. But new medical schools began opening up for women and by the 1910s, women were attending them. By 1915 the American Medical Association began to admit women members.

In the 19th century, women in large numbers began working outside of their homes Jobs for women were typically in textile mills and garment shops. While labor laws were instilled to protect women and children from long work days and in harsh conditions, the laws often restricted women from particular jobs, especially supervisory positions that required overtime to do. Other laws such as those prohibiting women from lifting as little as 15 pounds of weight, also barred women from many jobs.

Today, women comprised 46.8 percent of the total U.S. labor force and are projected to account for 46.9 percent of the labor force in 2018. Women are also projected to account for 51.2 percent of the increase in total labor force growth between 2008 and 2018.

Steven Medvin is the Executive Director of SMP Advance Funding, LLC, which provides lawsuit funding to individuals who need a lawsuit loan for pending lawsuits. For more information please visit: http://www.smpadvance.com